Reconstructive Surgery - Inadequate bone structure in the upper and/or lower jaws can result from injury or trauma, tumor surgery or long-term denture wear. Using bone grafts from either the patient's own bone or bone substitutes can improve the quantity and quality of the hard tissue. Skin grafts and soft tissue corrections can improve the architecture of the soft tissues in the oral and maxillofacial region. Through oral reconstructive surgery, a solid foundation can be provided for dental rehabilitation, which in turn aids nutrition and speech. If the patient is a candidate, dental implants may be used to replace lost teeth and other structures. Implants can also be used to anchor oral and facial prostheses.
Congenital Reconstruction - Congenital deformities like cleft lip and palate occur when all or a portion of the oral-nasal cavity does not grow together during fetal development. As members of a team of healthcare specialists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons play an important role in the carefully orchestrated, multiple-stage correctional program designed to help restore the jaw and facial structures leading to normal function and appearance. Care and treatment consider function, appearance, nutrition, speech, hearing, and emotional and psychological development.
Cleft lip (cheiloschisis) and cleft palate (palatoschisis) - are among the most common birth defects affecting children in North America. The incomplete formation of the upper lip (cleft lip) or roof of the mouth (cleft palate) can occur individually, or both defects may occur together. The conditions can vary in severity and may involve one or both sides of the face.
A cleft, or separation of the upper lip and/or the roof of the mouth, occurs very early in the development of an unborn child. During fetal development, certain components of the upper lip and roof of the mouth fail to form normally. Cleft lip and cleft palate repair is a type of plastic surgery to correct this abnormal development both to restore function and to restore a more normal appearance.
Most clefts can be repaired through specialized plastic surgery techniques, improving a child's ability to eat, speak, hear and breathe, and to restore a more normal appearance and function.Back