Although some patients undergo orthognathic surgery in Plantation or jaw surgery to improve their facial symmetry and enhance their jawline, others require this procedure for medical purposes. You may need surgery if you have a condition that impedes your jaw function. If you’re wondering when jaw surgery is necessary, we’re here to give you a more in-depth look.
Cases That Require Orthognathic Surgery
Chronic Jaw Pain
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) connects your upper and lower jaws to your skill. If you want to feel this joint, try opening your mouth while placing a finger in front of your ear. You should feel a smooth and uninterrupted movement.
However, if you feel pain or your jaw locks whenever you open your mouth, you may have temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMD). This condition is often associated with tissue deterioration and swelling. While using a mouthguard, retainer, or another orthodontic device might address mild to moderate TMD, severe cases may require jaw surgery to eliminate pain and restore jaw function.
Malocclusion Due to Bone Structure
The first methods that dentists consider to correct an improper bite or malocclusion may include braces, retainers, or tooth extraction. However, your dental care provider might recommend jaw surgery if you have severely misaligned teeth because of your jawbone structure. Some of the bite issues this surgical procedure can address include overbites, underbites, crossbites, and open bites.
Facial Injury or Trauma
Orthognathic surgery might be necessary if a sports injury, car accident, fall, or another traumatic event breaks your jaw and causes damage to your teeth and soft oral tissues. Besides restoring jaw functionality, this surgical treatment creates a symmetrical face shape.
Asymmetrical, Receding, or Protruding Jawline
Your bones may have developed more in some areas if your upper and lower jaws don't align. If you're dealing with a protruding lower jaw, you may have an overdeveloped lower or upper jaw. However, your lower jaw would protrude if you have an overdeveloped upper jaw or underdeveloped lower jaw. On the other hand, an asymmetrical jawline can lead to developmental conditions.